Providers

Authentication Providers in NextAuth.js are services that can be used to sign in (OAuth, Email, etc).

Sign in with OAuth

NextAuth.js is designed to work with any OAuth service, it supports OAuth 1.0, 1.0A and 2.0 and has built-in support for many popular OAuth sign-in services.

Built-in OAuth providers

Using a built-in OAuth provider

  1. Register your application at the developer portal of your provider. There are links above to the developer docs for most supported providers with details on how to register your application.

  2. The redirect URI should follow this format:

    [origin]/api/auth/callback/[provider]

    For example, Twitter on localhost this would be:

    http://localhost:3000/api/auth/callback/twitter
  3. Create a .env file at the root of your project and add the client ID and client secret. For Twitter this would be:

    TWITTER_ID=YOUR_TWITTER_CLIENT_ID
    TWITTER_SECRET=YOUR_TWITTER_CLIENT_SECRET
  4. Now you can add the provider settings to the NextAuth options object. You can add as many OAuth providers as you like, as you can see providers is an array.

    pages/api/auth/[...nextauth].js
    ...
    providers: [
    Providers.Twitter({
    clientId: process.env.TWITTER_ID,
    clientSecret: process.env.TWITTER_SECRET
    })
    ],
    ...
  5. Once a provider has been setup, you can sign in at the following URL: [origin]/api/auth/signin. This is an unbranded auto-generated page with all the configured providers.

Signin Screenshot
tip

If you want to create a custom sign in link you can link to /api/auth/signin/[provider] which will sign in the user in directly with that provider.

Using a custom provider

You can use an OAuth provider that isn't built-in by using a custom object.

As an example of what this looks like, this is the the provider object returned for the Google provider:

{
id: 'google',
name: 'Google',
type: 'oauth',
version: '2.0',
scope: 'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/userinfo.profile https://www.googleapis.com/auth/userinfo.email',
params: { grant_type: 'authorization_code' },
accessTokenUrl: 'https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/token',
requestTokenUrl: 'https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/auth',
authorizationUrl: 'https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/auth?response_type=code',
profileUrl: 'https://www.googleapis.com/oauth2/v1/userinfo?alt=json',
profile: (profile) => {
return {
id: profile.id,
name: profile.name,
email: profile.email,
image: profile.picture
}
},
clientId: '',
clientSecret: ''
}

You can replace all the options in this JSON object with the ones from your custom provider – be sure to give it a unique ID and specify the correct OAuth version - and add it to the providers option:

pages/api/auth/[...nextauth].js
...
providers: [
Providers.Twitter({
clientId: process.env.TWITTER_ID,
clientSecret: process.env.TWITTER_SECRET,
}),
{
id: 'customProvider',
name: 'CustomProvider',
type: 'oauth',
version: '2.0',
scope: '' // Make sure to request the users email address
...
}
]
...

OAuth provider options

NameDescriptionRequired
idUnique ID for the providerYes
nameDescriptive name for the providerYes
typeType of provider, in this case it should be oauthYes
versionOAuth version (e.g. '1.0', '1.0a', '2.0')Yes
scopeOAuth access scopes (expects array or string)No
paramsAdditional authorization URL parametersNo
accessTokenUrlEndpoint to retrieve an access tokenYes
requestTokenUrlEndpoint to retrieve a request tokenNo
authorizationUrlEndpoint to request authorization from the userYes
profileUrlEndpoint to retrieve the user's profileNo
profileAn object with the user's infoNo
clientIdClient ID of the OAuth providerYes
clientSecretClient Secret of the OAuth providerNo
idTokenSet to true for services that use ID Tokens (e.g. OpenID)No
stateSet to false for services that do not support state verficationNo
note

Feel free to open a PR for your custom configuration if you've created one for a provider that others may be interested in so we can add it to the list of built-in OAuth providers!

Sign in with Email

The Email provider uses email to send "magic links" that can be used sign in, you will likely have seen them before if you have used software like Slack.

Adding support for signing in via email in addition to one or more OAuth services provides a way for users to sign in if they lose access to their OAuth account (e.g. if it is locked or deleted).

Configuration is similar to other providers, but the options are different:

pages/api/auth/[...nextauth].js
providers: [
Providers.Email({
server: process.env.EMAIL_SERVER,
from: process.env.EMAIL_FROM,
// maxAge: 24 * 60 * 60, // How long email links are valid for (default 24h)
}),
],

See the Email provider documentation for more information on how to configure email sign in.

note

The email provider requires a database, it cannot be used without one.

Sign in with Credentials

The Credentials provider allows you to handle signing in with arbitrary credentials, such as a username and password, two factor authentication or hardware device (e.g. YubiKey U2F / FIDO).

It is intended to support use cases where you have an existing system you need to authenticate users against.

pages/api/auth/[...nextauth].js
import Providers from `next-auth/providers`
...
providers: [
Providers.Credentials({
// The name to display on the sign in form (e.g. 'Sign in with...')
name: 'Credentials',
// The credentials is used to generate a suitable form on the sign in page.
// You can specify whatever fields you are expecting to be submitted.
// e.g. domain, username, password, 2FA token, etc.
credentials: {
username: { label: "Username", type: "text", placeholder: "jsmith" },
password: { label: "Password", type: "password" }
},
authorize: async (credentials) => {
const user = (credentials) => {
// You need to provide your own logic here that takes the credentials
// submitted and returns either a object representing a user or value
// that is false/null if the credentials are invalid.
// e.g. return { id: 1, name: 'J Smith', email: 'jsmith@example.com' }
return null
}
if (user) {
// Any user object returned here will be saved in the JSON Web Token
return Promise.resolve(user)
} else {
return Promise.resolve(null)
}
}
})
}
...

See the Credentials provider documentation for more information.

note

The Credentials provider can only be used if JSON Web Tokens are enabled for sessions. Users authenticated with the Credentials provider are not persisted in the database.